Daylight saving time: Why do some countries change their clock timings?

A clock in a field of grass. — AFP/File Many nations in North America and Europe are reversing time when daylight saving time expires as November gets underway in order to extend daylight into the evening.

Daylight saving time involves shifting clocks forward by one hour in the summer.

European Summer Time is the term for the custom throughout Europe. Normally, the clock changes direction in March and reverses again at the end of October.

This is the norm in the majority of European nations. There are a few exceptions, including Iceland, Turkey, Georgia, and Russia.

In March, daylight saving time is also observed in the United States, Canada, Mexico, and Cuba across the Atlantic Ocean.

On November 5 of this year, the clocks will go back one hour.

Because the amount of daylight varies less in countries closer to the equator, they often do not observe daylight saving time.

However, some nations in Africa, Asia, and Central America do not alter their time zones.

How did it start George Hudson, a scientist from New Zealand who studied insects, came up with the concept of adjusting the clocks in accordance with the seasons. Hudson suggested a time shift in 1895 to increase the number of summer daylight hours. He could have used the extra time to capture insects after work.

Nobody found the notion appealing until the European governments started looking for ways to preserve energy during World War I. In 1916, Germany became the first nation to use daylight saving time, and the United States followed suit in 1918.

Some individuals think that the purpose of daylight saving time is to benefit farmers in the United States. However, farmers dislike the practice in general.

According to the magazine Modern Farmer, Congress authorised the practice against the opposition of American farmers.

Studies showing a rise in health problems, sleep deprivation, and traffic accidents in the days after the annual March advance of the clocks have been cited by opponents of daylight saving time.

According to the Congressional Research Service, investigations on the topic have revealed little to no energy savings as a result of the time shift.

Arguments to end the practice Since the beginning, daylight saving time has been a contentious topic. Certain nations have repeatedly accepted and rejected it. 

Uruguay, a country in South America, stopped the practice in 2015. 

In 2016, Chile substituted “wintertime” for it, running from May to August.

In an effort to save energy, Egypt declared in March that it would resume daylight saving time after a seven-year hiatus. Japan debated implementing the practice for the 2020 Olympics but ultimately decided against it because of low public support.

There have been multiple attempts in the United States to permanently implement daylight saving time. A law known as the “Sunshine Protection Act” last year passed the Senate but was unable to move forward in the House of Representatives on whether to maintain standard time or implement permanent daylight saving time.

The bill was proposed again this year.

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